Month: November 2015

Soluția migrației ilegale o constituie dezvoltarea durabilă a țărilor de origine (Ion Jinga)

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Publicat marţi, 24 Nov 2015, AGERPRESS.

La 23 noiembrie 2015, Reprezentantul Permanent al României la ONU, ambasadorul Ion Jinga, a intervenit în reuniunea plenară a Adunării Generale (AG) dedicată sensibilizării opiniei publice cu privire la situația imigranților ilegali din bazinul Mării Mediterane, în special a celor provenind din Siria, informează într-un Comunicat transmis AGERPRES Misiunea Permanentă a României la Națiunile Unite.

Citând date ale Înaltului Comisariat al Națiunilor Unite pentru Refugiați (UNHCR) privind amploarea fenomenului — 60 milioane refugiați la nivel global, dintre care 750.000 au traversat Marea Mediterană spre Europa doar în primele zece luni ale acestui an, fiind înregistrate peste 3.400 victime — ambasadorul României a exprimat îngrijorarea cu privire la dimensiunea umanitară a imigrației provenind din teritorii afectate de conflicte militare, în particular din Siria: ‘Fluxurile migratorii mixte spre Europa, care se intensifică pe zi ce trece, constituie o provocare cu implicații sociale, politice și economice. Ele trebuie gestionate coordonat, în cadrul unei noi abordări globale a fenomenului migrator, pentru că nicio țară nu mai poate soluționa singură o problemă devenită internațională, iar acest lucru este evident în cazul Siriei.’

Făcând referire la reuniunea la nivel înalt UE — Africa privind migrația, desfășurată recent în La Valetta, el a salutat perspectiva unei colaborări consolidate între Uniunea Europeană și țările continentului african, arătând că România a pledat pentru un răspuns comun, în care contribuția partenerilor africani este vitală pentru stoparea migrației ilegale, adoptarea și implementarea acordurilor de readmisie, precum și pentru îmbunătățirea cadrului juridic care să asigure dezvoltarea țărilor respective.

Diplomatul român a subliniat necesitatea respectării drepturilor omului în cazul refugiaților, în conformitate cu legislația internațională în vigoare, cu o atenție particulară pentru femei, copii, victimele traficului de persoane și ale abuzurilor. El a evidențiat contribuția țării noastre la activitatea Înaltului Comisariat al ONU pentru Refugiați și a Programului Alimentar Mondial, precum și asistența umanitară acordată de România în plan bilateral refugiaților sirieni. În context, a menționat utilitatea Centrului de Tranzit în Regim de Urgență de la Timișoara, prima facilitate europeană de acest gen la data deschiderii sale în 2008, care a fost tranzitat până în prezent de peste 1700 refugiați.

Salutând anunțul Secretarului General al ONU privind organizarea la Londra, în februarie 2016, a unei conferințe internaționale dedicate crizei umanitare din Siria, precum și a unui Summit la New York, în septembrie 2016, pe tema imigranților și refugiaților, Ion Jinga a apreciat că, pe termen lung, soluția acestei probleme o reprezintă promovarea dezvoltării durabile: ‘În anul 2000, numărul celor care trăiau în zone de conflict reprezenta 12% din populația globului, astăzi ei reprezintă 43%, iar până în 2030 prognozele arată că vor fi 70%. Trebuie să oprim această spirală. Soluția pe termen lung pentru migrația ilegală și refugiați nu constă în creșterea numărului de donatori, ci în reducerea cererii de asistență, iar implementarea Agendei 2030 de dezvoltare durabilă în țările de origine poate face diferența’.

Vezi înregistrarea aici.

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About Irregular Migration, Refugees, Terrorism and Sustainable Development

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Dr Ion Jinga Headshot Thoughts by Dr. Ion Jinga, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations, New York, published in Huffington Post.

On 19 November, the President of the UN General Assembly convened an informal meeting to consider ways for a comprehensive response to the global humanitarian and refugee crisis. The event was attended by some of the UN heavy artillery: Mogens Lykketoft, President of the General Assembly, Jan Eliasson, UN Deputy Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Helen Clark, Administrator of the UN Development Program, Stephen O’Brien, UN Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs. I was pleased to see among the panelists David Miliband, British Foreign Secretary during my first years as ambassador to London, now President and CEO of International Rescue Committee, a humanitarian aid and development NGO founded in 1933 by Albert Einstein. Next day, the General Assembly held a meeting attended by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, on global awareness of the tragedies of irregular migrants in the Mediterranean basin, with specific emphasis on Syrian asylum seekers.

Both events allowed timely debates on a topic with global impact, as today we witness 60 million refugees in the word. Since the beginning of 2015, more than 750,000 refugees crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Europe and almost 3,500 of them died at sea. The refugees’ crisis is complex, requesting not just responses to the immediate humanitarian needs. It also encompasses financial aspects and relating to integration and border protection. Without proper means to solve each of them, every migration wave will outrank the previous one.

The United Nations, as a mirror of the international community, is expected to assume new commitments to address, in a realistic manner, the root-causes of migration: conflicts, terrorism, human rights violations, poverty, growing inequalities, poor governance, climate change.

The stabilization of conflict zones is a prerequisite to bring to an end the flow of refugees who arrive in Europe, and to create the premises for a safely return of these persons in their countries of origin. Syria’s stabilization is, therefore, a priority. Fighting against terrorism is another one. In the wake of recent terrorist attacks in France, Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, Mali and Tunisia, which coincide with a huge wave of refugees seeking security in Europe, there is concern about misplaced suspicions about migrants. In countering terrorism and violent extremism, we cannot give up our legal and moral values. As the President of Romania Klaus Iohannis pointed out on 18 November: “Terrorism and terror attacks have very serious consequences if fear is the reaction to them. In no way should we let this fear lead to the stigmatization of religious communities that have nothing to do with the matter. We must not allow the social fabric of our countries to be destroyed. We must not allow xenophobia, ultra-nationalism, and chauvinism become relevant in our societies”.

Challenges related to migration require a coordinated approach and the EU-Africa Summit in Valletta, on 11-12 November, opened the perspective for an extensive dialogue. We need a good coordination with our African partners in order to stop the illegal migration, and progress has to be achieved in the coming years towards implementing readmission agreements, reforming the system of law enforcement and adopting measures to support development in those countries.

Romania contributes the refugee resettlement by hosting, already since 2008, the Emergency Transit Center for Refugees in the city of Timisoara which at the time of its establishment was the first such facility in the world. Based on the principles of solidarity and shared responsibility, we are part of the EU efforts to relocate persons in need of international protection from Italy and Greece. We also increased our financial contribution to UNHCR and the World Food Program.

During the debate in the General Assembly we heard that in the year 2000 12% of the world population lived in conflict zones, and today the percentage is of 43%, with prospects to reach 70% in 2030. We should stop this spiral. No country alone can solve such a problem which is inherently international and, as rightly remarked the UN Secretary General, “we need a new approach to manage the challenge of global mobility, built on equitable responsibility sharing”.

As part of the UN response, Mr. Ban Ki-moon announced a series of events in 2016: a conference on the Syria humanitarian crisis in London, on 4 February, co-hosted with the United Kingdom, Norway, Kuwait and Germany; a Resettlement Plus conference in Geneva, in March; the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, in May; and a High-Level Summit on managing large-scale movements of migrants and refugees in New York, next September.

All these are excellent initiatives expected to greatly contribute to addressing the migration and refugees issues. In the same time, on a longer term, priority has to be given to sustainable development of the countries of origin, because the solution is not to increase the number of donors, but to decrease the request for humanitarian assistance. A proper and resolute implementation of the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development can make the difference.

Security, Development and the Root Causes of Conflict

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Dr Ion Jinga Headshot Thoughts by Dr. Ion Jinga, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations, New York, published in Huffington Post.

On November 17th, the British Presidency of the Security Council organized an open debate on the maintenance of international peace, with focus on security, development and the root causes of conflict. The event, presided by Justine Greening, British Secretary of State for International Development, was a proof that the Security Council can be simultaneously effective and transparent in its works. Scheduled in the context of the new paradigm introduced by the Agenda 2030, the debate was of an even greater actuality because of the terrorist attacks in Paris.

Terrorism threatens the core sovereignty of a country, constitutes a direct violation of the UN Charter and is a great impediment to the implementation of the Agenda for Sustainable Development. Killing innocent people based on ideology is not just an attack on Paris, on Ankara, or on Beirut, but an attack on all of humanity. Therefore, it is not just Paris, Ankara or Beirut we should pray for, it is the world. And we must stand together in hunting down the perpetrators and bringing them to justice.

Poverty does not cause terrorism, but it can fuel resentments that terrorists exploit. Which is why sustainable development is part of countering violent extremism. Development is, indeed, the thread that runs through the Agenda 2030 and, as we have already learned, there is no development without peace, and there is no peace without development, and there is none of the above without respect for human rights. These are the three pillars of the UN: if one of them is weak, the whole structure is weak. Balance is key.

 

More than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict and few low-income conflict affected countries have achieved any of the millennium development goals by 2015. The terms “rule of law,” “human rights,” “peace and security,” “development”, are often used as de facto separate concepts. The reality is that challenges such as poverty, insecurity, violent conflict and terrorism transcend those boundaries.

Although some countries were reluctant to recognize the fact that poor governance fuels civil conflict and hinders development, the period from 2001 to 2015 proved that fragile states, characterized by weak governance, have had the greatest difficulty in achieving the millennium development goals. Which is why, at the UN, Romania together with Mexico and the Republic of Korea have established the “Group of Friends of the Governance for Sustainable Development”, as a flexible and informal space to discuss issues related to good governance and foster cooperation between multiple actors.

A recent report of the UN Secretary General on “Overall policy matters pertaining to special political missions” shows that the global peace and security landscape has continued to deteriorate in 2015, and that the number of major wars has tripled since 2008. This must be a call for an urgent global effort not only to respond to the proliferating number of crisis, but to prevent them from emerging. Prevention is first and foremost a responsibility of Member States. Therefore, the UN task to maintain international peace and security should be based on preventive actions, institution building, coordination among different actors, reinforced partnerships with regional organizations, but also on a strong national ownership.

Conflict prevention includes the mitigation of climate change and global warming, which is part of environment protection, which is part of sustainable development. In the absence of substantial action, climate change is expected to bring severe food and water shortages in many areas, leading to mass migrations (there are already 60 million refugees in the world), instability and conflicts. A successful outcome of the Paris Climate Conference (COP 21) next December could, therefore, be a turning point in preventing potential new conflicts. Here again, the national ownership is vital.

The Agenda 2030 demonstrates that where there’s a will, there’s a way, and the UN is again at the heart of the multilateral system. But it must be fit for purpose. As the President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, remarked in his address at UN 70th session in New York: “It has become a common practice to ask the United Nations to do more with less. Despite the fact the UN does not need to prove the legitimacy of its actions, his role is once again dramatically tested at present. It is called upon to make, in concert with regional organizations and individual states, new commitments in the fight against terrorism, in all its manifestations, be they coward crimes against innocent people, barbarous destruction of the common cultural heritage of mankind, or the unprecedented abhorrent form developed by the so-called ISIL/Da’esh whose actions constitute clear violations of international law and human rights we are striving so hard to uphold”.

România se pronunță pentru continuarea eforturilor de revitalizare a activității Adunării Generale a ONU

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Publicat la 4.11.2015 in Agerpress.

La 3 noiembrie 2015, Reprezentantul Permanent al României la ONU, ambasadorul Ion Jinga, a prezentat, în reuniunea plenară dedicata discutării revitalizării activității Adunării Generale (AG), câteva considerente naționale complementare intervenției reprezentantului Delegației UE, informează un Comunicat transmis AGERPRES de Misiunea Permanentă a României pe lângă ONU.

Salutând faptul că Președintele Adunării Generale a organizat dezbaterea pe această temă la doar câteva zile după cea privind reforma Consiliului de Securitate, diplomatul român a apreciat că cele două procese trebuie sa fie parte integrantă a transformării și adaptării structurilor ONU la realitățile contemporane complexe, inclusiv din perspectiva implementării obiectivelor Agendei 2030.

El s-a referit, punctual, la două dintre cele patru teme care fac obiectul activității Grupului ad hoc de lucru pe tema revitalizării activității Adunării Generale: metodele de lucru ale AG și, respectiv, procesul de selecție a viitorului Secretar General al ONU.

Remarcând progresele înregistrate de-a lungul ultimilor ani în raționalizarea agendei AG și a proiectelor de rezoluție, el a accentuat necesitatea ca această tendință să continue, în contextul în care vor apărea teme și documente noi, generate de implementarea Agendei 2030. Diplomatul român a exemplificat această abordare cu decizia României și Germaniei de a prezenta, doar o dată la doi ani, tradiționala rezoluție comună din Comisia I a AG, intitulată Ť Informații obiective privind chestiuni militare, inclusiv transparența cheltuielilor militare ť.

În ceea ce privește procesul de selecție a viitorului Secretar General al ONU, el a salutat elementele concrete în materie incluse în Rezoluția 69/321 din 11.09.2015 privind revitalizarea AG, exprimând speranța că acestea vor fi puse în aplicare imediat, astfel încât procesul sa fie transparent, predictibil și inclusiv.

El a pledat, totodată, ca acest post să revină, în 2016, Grupului Est-European: ‘Niciodată în cei 70 de ani de existență a ONU, postul de Secretar General nu a fost ocupat de către un reprezentat din Europa de Est. Este timpul să corectăm această nedreptate istorică. Statele est-europene dispun de același potențial de a furniza candidați care să facă față cu succes cerințelor unui mandat de Secretar General al ONU, ca toate celelalte grupuri geografice ai căror reprezentanți au avut onoarea și responsabilitatea de a ocupa acest post.’

AGERPRES/(AS — editor: Sorin Calciu)